This study conducted by Weisberg, McGeehan, and Fraser explores Australian women’s experiences of menstruation and effect on quality of life. The study found that women who experienced severe or very severe menstrual pain associated with their heavy menstrual bleeding were >12 times more likely to be confined to bed for 0.5-1 day during menstruation than if they reported heavy menstrual bleeding without pain. This indicates that severe menstrual pain with heavy menstrual bleeding has a much more profound effect on all aspects of women’s quality of life than heavy menstrual bleeding alone; it accounts for more days in bed and for loss of productivity.

Read the study here.